Jo Baer

1929 born in Seattle, Washington, USA
lives and works in Amsterdam, Netherlands
Education
1949
1953
University of Washington, Seattle, USA
New School for Social Research, New York, USA 
Selected Solo Exhibitions
2018 Dia:Beacon, New York, USA (upcoming)
2016/17 “Jeanne Oostings Prijs 2016”, Museum Arnhem, Netherlands
2015 “Jo Baer – In the Giclée-ed Lands of the Giants”, Ellen de Bruijn Gallery, Amsterdam, Netherlands
“Towards the Land of the Giants”, Camden Arts Centre, London, UK
2013 “In The Land Of The Giants”, Galerie Barbara Thumm, Berlin, Germany
“In The Land Of The Giants”, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
“Jo Baer”, Ludwig Museum, Cologne, Germany
2012 “Mixed Minimalist and Image Works”, Gagosian Gallery Geneva, Switzer- land
2011 “Jo Baer”, The Art Institute (Hunter College), New York, USA
2010 Galerie Barbara Thumm, Berlin, Germany
“Jo Baer and John Wesley: Shared Space”, Matthew Marks Gallery, New York, USA
2009  “Jo Baer – Trio exhibition 2009”, Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, Netherlands
2008  “Jo Baer”, Wiener Secession, Vienna, Austria
2007  “Jo Baer”, Alexander Gray Associates, New York, USA
2002 “Jo Baer: The Minimalist Years 1960-1975”, Dia Center for the Arts, New York, USA
2001  “Flush”, Paul Andriesse Gallery, Amsterdam, Netherlands “Paintings“, Daniel Weinberg Gallery, Los Angeles, USA
1999 Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands Paul Andriesse Gallery, Amsterdam, Netherlands
1995 Paula Cooper Gallery, New York, USA
1993 Paley/Levy Gallery, Moore College, Philadelphia, USA Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterloo, Netherlands
1990 Paul Andriesse Gallery, Amsterdam, Netherlands
1989 Rhona Hoffman Gallery, Chicago, USA
1988 Paul Andriesse Gallery, Amsterdam, Netherlands
1986 “Paintings from the past decade 1975–1985”, Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, Netherlands
1980 Lisson Gallery, London, UK
1978 Scottish Arts Council Gallery, Edinburgh, UK
The Douglas Hyde Gallery, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland
Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, Schilderijen, Netherlands
Oliver Dowling Gallery, Dublin, Ireland
Galerie Ricke, Cologne, Germany
1977 Lisson Gallery, London, UK
Max Protetch Gallery, Washington DC, USA
“Paintings 1962–1975”, Modern Art, Oxford, UK
1975 Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA
Texas Gallery, Houston, USA
1974 Toselli Gallery, Milan, Italy Daniel Weinberg Gallery, San Francisco, USA
1973 Galerie Ricke, Cologne, Germany Nicholas Wilder Gallery, Los Angeles, USA
1972 Lo Guidice Gallery, New York, USA
1971 “Paintings from ‘62–’63”, School of Visual Art, New York, USA
1970 Noah Goldowsky Gallery, New York, USA Galerie Ricke, Cologne, Germany Locksley-Shea Gallery, Minneapolis, USA
1968 Galerie Ricke, Cologne, Germany
1966 Fischbach Gallery, New York, USA
Selected Group Exhibitions
2017 “Jo Baer, Michael E. Smith, Josh Smith, Raphaela Vogel”, ESSEX STREET, New York, USA
“Calder to Kelly. Die amerikanische Sammlung”, Kunstmuseum Winterthur, Switzerland
“The Absent Museum”, curated by Dirk Snauwaert, WIELS, Contemporary Art Centre, Brussels, Belgium
“Making Space: Women Artists and Postwar Abstraction”, MOMA, New York, USA
“2017 Whitney Biennial”, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA
2016/17 “From the Collection: 1960–1969”, 4th floor groupshow at MOMA, New York, USA
2016 “There Is Absolutely No Inevitability As Long As There Is A Willingness To Contemplate What Is Happening”, Jo Baer, Don DeMauro and Mary Kate Maher curated by John Ros, SRO Gallery, New York, USA
2015 “America is Hard to See”, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA2014/15 “Baer Neukamp Simpson”, Mitchell-Innes & Nash, New York, USA
“Up Close and Personal”, curated by Xander Karskens and Ann Demeester, De Hallen Haarlem, Haarlem, Netherlands
2014 “About Things that don‘t exist”, 31st São Paulo Biennale, São Paulo, Brazil
“Minimal Baroque: Post-Minimalism and Contemporary Art”, Rønnebæksholm, Næstved, Denmark
2013/14 “highways and byways. Togehter again”, Daimler Contemporary, Berlin, Germany
2012 Longing For Perfection: 21 years of collecting by the Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterloo, Netherlands
“Garden of Learning”, Busan Biennale, Busan Museum of Art, Busan, Korea
“Abstract: Works from the Collection in Dialogue”, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany
2011 20 Jahre Gegenwart, Museum fur Moderne Kunst Frankfurt, Germany
Primary Light Group: Red, Green, Blue, 1964-65, Alfred H. Barr Painting and Sculpture Galleries, MOMA, New York, USA
“Weatherspoon Art Museum: 70 Years of Collecting”, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, USA
“Making Histories: Changing Views of the Collection”, Temporary Stedelijk 2, Amsterdam, Netherlands
“Der Raum der Linie. Amerikanische Zeichnungen & Skulpturen ab 1960 aus einer Privatsammlung”, Pinakothek der Moderne, Staatliche Samm- lung München, Munich, Germany
“Art & Stars & Cars”, The Daimler Art Collection, Mercedes-Benz Museum, Stuttgart, Germany
“All About Drawing: 100 Nederlandse Kunstennars”, Stedelijjk Museum Schiedam, Netherlands
2010 “Personal structures: Time – Space – Existence”, Galerie Georg Kargl, Vienna, Austria
Jo Baer and John Wesley, Matthew Marks Gallery, New York, USA
“Compass at Hand. Selections From The Judith Rothschild Foundation Contemporary Drawings Collection”, Institut Valencia d’Art Modern, Valencia, Spain
2009 Collection: MOCA‘s First 30 Years, Museum of Contemporary Art, LA, USA
“Compass in Hand: Selections from the Judith Rothschild Foundation Collection Contemporary Drawings Collection”, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
“Jo Baer − Lynda Benglis − Jutta Koether”, Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven Art Protects, Yvon Lambert, Paris, France
Works on Paper: Jo Baer, James Bishop, Suzan Frecon, Lawrence Markey Gallery, San Antonio, Texas, USA
“Lines, Grids, Stains, Words”, Museum Wiesbaden, Germany
“Linhas, Grelhas, Manchas, Palavras”, Desenhos de Arte Minimalista Da Collecção Do MoMA, Museu Serralves, Porto, Portugal
”Yellow and Green”, Positionen Aus Der Sammlung Des MMK, Museum Für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt, Germany
2008/09 “GREAT WOMEN ARTISTS”, Neuberger Museum of Art, Purchase, New York, USA
“Frances Stark / Dave Allen / Jo Baer”, Wiener Secession, Vienna, Austria
2008 “High Times, Hard Times”, Neue Galerie, Graz, Austria
“High Times, Hard Times: New York Painting 1967-1975”, ZKM, Center for Art and Media Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany
A Document of Times, Rolf Ricke Collection, Kunstmuseum St. Gallen, Switzerland; Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein; Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt, Germany
Compass in Hand: Selections from the Judith Rothschild Foundation Contemporary Drawings Collection, MOMA, New York, USA
Works on Paper: Jo Baer, James Bishop, Susan Frecon, Lawrence Markey Gallery, San Antonia, Texas, USA
Permanent Collection, Whitney Museum, New York, USA
“Collecting Collection: Highlights from the Permanent Collection of the Museum of Contemporary Art”, MOCA LA, Los Angeles, USA
“MAXImin: A Century of Abstraction and Minimalism (1907-2007)”, The Daimler Collection, Fundacion Juan March, Madrid, Spain
2007/08 “Lust for Life”. Die Sammlung Ricke Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein, Vaduz, Lichtenstein
2007 Art Protects Yvon Lambert – Paris, France
“Before and After Minimalism”, Fundacion Juan March, Palma de Mallorca , Spain
“Das Kapital”, MMK Frankfurt, Germany Tiempos intensos, tiempos diḀciles, Museo Tamayo Arte Contemporáneo, Bosque de Chapultepec, Mexico
“Lines, Grids, Stains, Words”, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
“High Times, Hard Times”, National Academy Museum, New York, USA
2006 “Selected Recent Acquisitions + The Van Deventer Bequest”, Kroller- Muller Museum,Otterloo, Netherlands
“Some Painting”, Paul Andriesse Gallery, Amsterdam, Netherlands
“America/Americas: Modern and Contemporary Art of the Americas”, Blanton Museum of Art, University of Texas, Austin, USA
“Postwar Directions: Abstract Expressionism to Minimalism”, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, USA
“High Times, Hard Times: New York Painting 1967–1975”, Weatherspoon Art Museum, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, American University Museum, Katzen Arts Center, Washington DC, USA
“Plane/Figure: Amerikanische Kunst aus Schweizer Sammlungen”, Kunstmuseum Winterthur, Winterthur, Switzerland “Elemental Form“, L&M Arts, New York, USA
2005 “New Prints 2005/Winter”, International Print Center, New York, USA “Logical Conclusions: 40 years of Rule–Based Art“, PaceWildenstein Gallery, New York, USA
“Drawing from the Modern, 1945–1975”, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA Beyond Geography Americas Society, New York, USA
“Black and White and a Little Bit of Color”, Museum voor Moderne Kunst, Arnhem, Netherlands
“Some Painting”, Paul Andriesse Gallery, Amsterdam, Netherlands
“Wilder: A Tribute to the Nicholas Wilder Gallery”, Los Angeles, 1965–1979, Franklin Parish Gallery and Joan T. Washburn Gallery, New York, USA
“50 Jahre/Years Documenta: 1955–2005”, Kunsthalle Fridericianum, Kassel, Germany
2004  “A Minimalist Future? Art as Object 1958–1968”, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, USA
“Beyond Geometry: Experiments in Form 1940s–70s”, Los Angeles County Museum, Los Angeles, Miami Art Museum, Miami, USA
“Sammlung Daimler Chrysler”, Berlin, Germany
“The Big Nothing”. Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia, USA
“Singular Forms (Sometimes Repeated)”, Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA
“Specific Objects: the Minimalist Influence”, Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego, USA
“Editions/Artists’ Book Fair ’04”, New York, USA
“SUPPORT 2 – Die Neue Galerie als Sammlung”, Neue Galerie, Austria
2003 “SUPPORT 1 – Die Neue Galerie als Sammlung”, Neue Galerie, Austria
“The Summer of 2003”, Paul Andriesse Gallery, Amsterdam, Netherlands
“Selections from the Lewitt Collection”, New Britain Museum of American Art, New Britain, USA
“Primary Matters: the Minimalist Sensibility, 1959 to the Present”, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Franciso, USA
“Group Show”, Margarete Roeder Gallery, New York, USA
2002 “Cycle Peinture: Trois Regards”, Les Filles du Calvaire, Brussels, Belgium
“Fall Show”, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York, USA
“Paintings from the 60’s”, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York, USA
“Raum für Malerie, The Painting Room”, Kaiser Wilhelm Museum, Krefeld, Germany
“Geometric Abstraction”, Tacoma Art Museum, Tacoma, Washington, USA
2001/02 “SITE Santa Fe Biennial 2001”, SITE Santa Fe, USA
2001 “Von Edgar Degas-bis Gerhard Richter”, Nationlgalerie Prague, Palais Kinsky, Prague, Czech Republic
“Rupertinum”, Museum für Moderne und Zeitgenössiche Kunst, Salzburg, Austria
Westfälisches Landsmuseum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte, Münster, Germany
Neues Museum, Staatliches Museum für Kunst und Design, Nürnberg, Germany
“Beau Monde:Toward a Redeemed Cosmopolitanism”, Site Sante Fe, Sante Fe, USA
“Jo Baer”, Daniel Weinberg Gallery, Los Angeles, USA
“Unbreakable”, Arti et Amicitiae, Amsterdam, Netherlands
2000 “Drawing is Another Kind of Language”, Connecticut College, New London, UK
“Contemporary American Drawings from the Sarah-Ann & Werner H. Kramarsky Collection”, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, USA
Mary and Leigh Block Museum, Evanston, USA
The Contemporary Museum, Honolulu, USA
“50 Masterworks from the Post-War Period”, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Houston, USA
“Body of Painting”, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany
“Poésie, Love, Sneeuwwitje, Pfft…”, Museum voor Moderne Kunst, Arnhem, Netherlands
“Peinture: trois regards”, Les Filles du Calvaire, Paris, France
“Von Edgar Degas bis Gerhard Richter”, Kunstmuseum Winterthur, Winterthur, Switzerland
1999 Kunstmuseum Winterthur, Switzerland
Kunstmuseum Ahlen, Germany
Berlin Akademie der Kunst, Germany
the Fonds regional d’art contemporain, Amiens, France Parrish Art Museum, Southampton, USA
“Kunstmuseum Winterthur: Die Sammlund”, Winterthur, Switzerland
“Envisioning the Contemporary: Selections from the Permanent Collection”, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, USA
“Women Artists in the Vogel Collection”, Brenau University Galleries, Gainesville, USA
“Group Show”, Museum Dhondt-Dhaenens, Deurle, Belgium
“Dangleberry”, Bill’s Studio, Amsterdam, Netherlands
“Winter Installation”, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York, USA
1997 “After the Fall, Abstract Painting Since 1970”, Snug Harbor, New York, USA
“The Pursuit of Painting”, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland
“Selections from the Lannan Foundation Gift”, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, USA
“Noch Nicht und/oder Selten Gezeigtes aus der Sammlung”, Kunstmueum Winterthur, Switzerland
“Drawing is Another Way of Thinking: Contemporary Drawings from an American Collection”, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, USA
1996 “Indem man schaut, erkennt man”, Galerie Rolf Ricke, Cologne, Germany
“Max’s Kansas City’s 30th Anniversary Reunion”, 65 Thompson St. Gallery, New York, USA
“Bare Bones”, TZ Art & Co. Gallery, New York, USA
“Abstraction, Pure and Impure”, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
1995 “Caro Dame”, Aargauer Kunsthaus, Aarau, Switzerland
National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, Australia
“Group Show”, Galerie Vera Munro, Wuppertal, Germany
1994 “From Minimal to Conceptual Art”, National Gallery of Art, Washington DC, USA
1993  “Supervision”, Räme für neue Kunst-Rolf Hengesbach, Wuppertal, Germany
Aanwinsten (Acquisitions: works on paper obtained in the past 3 years), Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo, Netherlands
1992 Aus der Sammlung des Kaiser Wilhelm Museums, Museum Haus Lange, Krefeld, Germany
1991 “Bezit/Bezet”, Museum voor Hedendaagse Kunst, ‘s-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands
“The Picture After the Last Picture”, Galerie Metropole, Vienna, Austria
Museum voor Hedendaagse Kunst‘s-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands
Q, Galerie de Expeditie, Amsterdam, Netherlands
1989 “Abstraction. Geometry. Painting. Selected Geometric Abstract Painting in America Since 1945”, Albright–Knox Gallery, Buffalo, USA
Center for the Fine Arts, Miami, USA
Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, USA
“Kunstrai”, Paul Andriesse, Amsterdam, Netherlands
“Vijf Jaar Aanwinsten Hedendaagse Kunst”, Gemeentemuseum Arnhem, Arnhem, Netherlands
“20 Years”, Rolf Ricke Collects, Kunstverein, Cologne, Germany
“20 Years Anniversary”, Max Protetch Gallery, New York, USA“Post-World War II Art from the Collection“, Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland
“Künstlerinnen des 20 Jahrhunderts”, Museum Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden, Germany
1988 “Collection Next-the-Sea”, Haags Gemeente Museums Gravenhage, Netherlands
“XXth Anniversary Exhibition”, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York, USA
“La Couleur Seule”, Musee St.Pierre, Lyon, Fance
“Tekeningen/Drawings”, Paul Andriesse Gallery, Amsterdam, Netherlands
1987 “Generations of Geometry. Abstract Painting in America Since 1930”, Whitney Museum at Equitable Center, New York, USA
“R.B.K. Aankopen’86”, Princenhof, Delft, Netherlands
1986 “The Window in 20th Century Art”, Neuberger Museum, State University ofPurchase, USA
“Linda Shearer Selects from the Collection”, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
1985 Art Galaxy, New York, USA
1984 “The British Art Show”, City Museum and Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, UK
Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh, UK
Mappin Art Gallery, ShefḀeld, UK
Art Gallery, Southampton, USA
“Ouverture“, Castello di Rivole, Torino, Italy
Oliver Dowling Gallery, Dublin, Ireland
1983 “American Painting, 1960 to 1969”, P.S, 1, Long Island City, USA
“White Columns Bene대t (in collaboration with Bruce Robbins)”, White Columns, New York, USA
1982 Mary Boone Gallery, New York, USA Lisson Gallery, London, GB
Riverside Studios, London, GB
“Nicht Bilder ist Verboten”, Städtische Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf, Germany
“New York/London” (in collaboration with Bruce Robbins), Lisson Gallery, USA
“Contemporary paintings and Sculpture II”, Oil and Steel, New York, USA
1981 “Art from the 1960’s”, Galerie Ricke, Cologne, Germany
“No Title”, Wadsworth Athenaeum, Hartford, USA
“Through the Summer” (in collaboration with Bruce Robbins), Lisson Gallery, London, GB
“Opening Show”, Oil and Steel Gallery, New York, USA
1980 112 Workshop, New York, USA Galerie Ricke, Cologne, Germany
Oliver Dowling Gallery, Dublin, Ireland
1979 “American Painting of the 1970’s”, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, USA
Newport Harbor Art Museum, Newport Harbor, USA
The Oakland Museum, Oakland, USA Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, USA
Art Museum of South Texas, Corpus Christi, USA
Krammert Art Museum, Champaign, USA
“Generation: 20 Abstract Painters Born in the United States Between 1929” Susan Caldwell Gallery, New York, USA
“The Minimal Tradition”, The Aldrich Museum, Ridgefield, USA
John Weber Gallery, New York, USA
“The Reductive Object-Survey of the Minimal Aesthetic in the 1960’s”, Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, USA
1978 “Two Decades of American Printmaking”, Worcester Art Museum, USA
Lisson Gallery, London, GB
1977 “American Art `45–`75 Works On Paper”, Tacoma Art Museum. Tacoma, USA
“Alternatives”, Susan Caldwell Gallery, New York, USA
“Less is More”, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, USA
“American Post–War Painting”, Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA
“Jo Baer 10 Downtown: 10 Years at P.S. 1”, Institute for Art and Urban Resources, Long Island City, USA
“A View of a Decade”, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, USA
“Prints in Series”, Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, USA Michael Berger Gallery, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
“American Art since 1945, From MOMA, New York”, Virginia Museum, Richmond, USA “Radical Attitudes to the Gallery“, Art Net, London, GB
1976 “American Artists: A New Decade”, Fort Worth Art Museum, Fort Worth, USA
Detroit Art Institute, Detroit, USA
Grand Rapids Art Museum, Grand Rapids, USA
1975 Lisson Gallery, London, GB
“14 Artists”, Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, USA
“Hand Coloured Prints”, Brooke Alexander Gallery, New York, USA
1974 “5 Artists; A Logic of Vision”, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, USA
“Painting Exhibition”, Scottish Arts Council, Edinburgh,GB
1973  “Options and Alternatives”, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, USA
“Arte come Arte”, Centro Communitario di Brero, Milan, Italy
“Recent Acquisitions”, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
Whitney Biennial 1973, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA
1972 “Art for McGovern”, 470 Parker Street Gallery, Boston, USA
1971 “Drawings”, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA “Group Show“, Noak Goldowsky, New York, USA
1970 “1900–1970: Tenth Anniversary Selection”, Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA
1969 “Ars 69”, Museum Athenaum, Helsinki, Finland
“31st Biennial”, Corcoran Museum, Washington DC, USA
“Artists in the Sixties”, Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, USA
“Other Ideas”, Detroit Art Institute, Detroit, USA
“Eine Tendenz Zeitgenössischer Malerei”, Kölnischer Kunstverein, Cologne, Germany
Sammlung Dr. Ludwig, Suemondt Museum, Aachen, Germany
“Painting Annual”, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA
“Recent Acquisitions”, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
Noah Goldowsky Gallery, New York, USA
1968 “Documenta IV”, Museum Friedericianum, Kassel, Germany
Lannis Gallery Book Show, New York, USA
Noah Goldowsky Gallery, New York, USA
“Kunstmarkt 1968”, (in conjunction with Galerie Ricke), Germany
“Students Mobilization for Peace”, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York, USA
Studio F, Ulmer Museum, Ulm, Germany
1967 “10”, Dwan Gallery, Los Angeles, USA
“Art in Series”, Finch College Museum, New York, USA
Noah Goldowsky Gallery, New York, USA
“Painting Annual”, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA
“North Carolina Collects”, North Carolina Museum, Raleigh, USA
1966 “Systemic Painting”, Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA
“10”, Dwan Gallery, New York, USA
1964 Kaymar Gallery, New York, USA
“Opening Show”, Daniels Gallery, New York, USA
Selected Exhibition Catalogues and Books
2013 “Jo Baer”, Museum Ludwig, Cologne
“Jo Baer. In the Lands of the Giants” (catalogue), Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
2009 “Yellow and Green” (catalogue), Positionen aus der Sammlung des MMK, Frankfurt am Main, Museum fur Moderne Kunst
2007 Nymphuis, Friederike, “DaimlerChrysler Collection; Minimalism and After” (catalogue), Berlin, pp 168-169,
2006 Pasquariello, Lisa, Blanton Museum of Art (catalogue), Austen, pp 40-41
Reed David, Blanton Museum of Art (catalogue), Austin, p 393
Baer, Jo, text in “Letters to a Young Artist”, Art on Paper Book, NYC, pp 89-90
2005 Baer, Jo, text in: “Black and White and a little bit of colour”(catalogue), Arnhemse Cahiers 7, Museum voor Moderne Kunst Arnhem, p. 35
Pace-Wildenstein Gallery (catalogue), NYC, pp 80-81
Florence, Penny, “Fractures of Life: Locating the Finland Station” (catalogue), Museum of Contemporary Art Kiasma, Helsinki, pp 58-73
Knipe, Judy and Hughes, Patricia, “Logical Conclusions: 40 Years of Rule-Based Art”(catalogue), Pace-Wildenstein Gallery, NYC, pp 80-81
Marzona, Daniel, “Minimal Art”, Taschen, Köln, London, LA, Madrid, Paris, Tokyo, pp 36-37
2004 Zelevansky, Lynn, “Beyond Geometry: Experiments in Forms” (catalogue), LACMA, Cambridge, p.24, 211, 216
Denison, Lisa and Spector, Nancy, ”Singular Forms (Sometimes Repeated)” (catalogue), Guggenheim Museum Productions, NYC, p 106, 163.
Goldstein, Ann, and Mark, Lisa, eds, “A Minimalist Future? Art as Object 1958-1968”(catalogue), MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass, p.26, pp156-161, p.445.
2001 Rorimer, Ann, “New Art: in the 60s and 70s”, Thames and Hudson, London, pp. 37, 39, 42, 62
Schneegass, Christian, “Minimal-Concept: Zeichenhafte Sprachen im Raum”, Akademie der Kunst, Berlin, p.112
2000 Meyer, James, “Minimalism”, Phaidon Press, London, pp 18., 22, 25, 31, 35, 47, 74, 78-79, 196, 229, 242-3, 260. Illus. and writings: pp.57, 78, 122, 123, 156, 157
Schwarz, Dieter, “Von Edgar Degas bis Gerhard Richter”, Winterthur, 2000, pp. 286-289
1999 Bloem, Marja, “Jo Baer: Paintings 1960-1998”, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
1998 A[tirnomis],“Beeldende kunst: Overzichtentoonstelling Jo Baer”, Dolce Vita, Amsterdam, Winter
1995 Tonkonow, Leslie, “Radical Aesthetics: The Art of Jo Baer”, Paula Cooper Gallery (catalogue), NYC, Dec, p.3-5.
Wismer, Beat, “Karo Dame/ Konstruktive und Radikale Kunst von Frauen von 1914 bis heute.”
1992 Wood, Paul, “Modernism in Dispute.”
1991 Rötzer Florian; Weibel, Peter. “The Picture After the last Picture”(catalogue), Verlag Walther König, Köln, Galerie Metropol, Wien, p.16, pp.26-29, pp.166- 167, p.202, p.217, p.225
1990 Berswordt-Wallrabe von, Kornelia, “Künstlerinnen des 20. Jahrhunderts” (catalogue), Museum Wiesbaden. p70-73.
1989 Naylor, Colin, “Contemporary Artists.”
Auping, Michael, “Abstraction, Geometry, Painting.”
1988 Baker, Kenneth, “Minimalism.”
McEvilley, Thomas, “La Couleur Seule” (catalogue). Ville de Lyon, Lyon, p.30.1987
Cummings, Paul, “Dictionary of Contemporary Art.”
Jansen, Bert. “Aan Kopen, 1986”(catalogue), Rijksdienst Beeldende Kunst, Amsterdam, p.31.
1985 Du Pont, Diana, K, Holland, “San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.”
1984 Allthorpe-Guyton, Marjorie. “The British Art Show”(catalogue), Arts Council of Great Britain, London,  pp.41-42
DeCoppet, Laura/Alan Jones, “The Art Dealers.”
Lacey, Catherine. “The Tate Gallery, 1980-82 Acquisitions”(catalogue), Tate Gallery, London,  pp.42-44
Schjeldahl, Peter. “Art of Our Time”(catalogue), the Saatchi Coll. , p. 25
1982 Rubinstein, Charlotte Streifer, “American Women Artists.”
1980 Lucie-Smith, Edward. “Art in the Seventies.”
1979 Cathcart, Linda L, “American Painting of the 1970s”
1977 Elliot, David; Fuchs, Rudi. “Jo Baer: Paintings 1962–1975 (Catalogue)”, Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, pp. 4-11
Fuchs, Rudi. “Jo Baer: Paintings 1962-1975”(catalogue), Museum of Modern Art. Oxford, p.13.
1975 Haskell, Barbara. “Jo Baer” (catalogue), Whitney Museum of American Art, p. 8-14
Legg, Alicia, “American Art Since 1945.”
Ratcliff, Carter. “Hand Colored Prints” (catalogue), Brooke Alexander, NY.
Rose, Barbara. “American Art Since 1900”, Rev. ed. NY, Praeger Publ.
1973 Celant, Germano. “Arte Come Arte”(catalogue), Centro Comunitario di Brera, Milano, Apr, p.31
1971 Calas, Nicolas and Elena. “Icons and Images of the Sixties.”
Pfeiffer, Günter. “Jo Baer: Galerie Ricke”, Das Kunstwerk, Stuttgart Jan., p.79
1968 Battcock, Gregory. Ed. Minimal Art: A Critical Anthology, New York, E.P. Dutton and Co.
1967-66 North Carolina Museum of Art, “North Carolina Collect.”
Selected Articles and Online Reviews
2013 R. Mayers, Terry, “Jo Baer”, ArtReview, Decenber 2013, p. 145
Gohlke, Gerrit “Raus aus der Laufbahn”, Der Tagesspiegel, 26.10.2013, S. 27
Ruthe, Ingeborg, “Feldforschung im Land der Riesen”, Berliner Zeitung, 24.09.2013, S. 21.
Imdahl, Georg, “Das große Weiß”, Süddeutsche Zeitung, 24.07.2013, p. 12.
Quack, Gerog, “Braucht jetzt wirklich jemand noch ein Dreieck?”, F.A.Z., 26.05.2013, p.45.
Koether, Jutta, “Vom Bild Aus. Seat of Power – Ein Bild vom Künstlerinnen-Sein”, Texte zur Kunst, 2013, p. 48-59
“Jo Baer”, Blouinartinfo.com – Modern painters, June 2013, p.23/24
2012 David Joselit, Busan Biennale 2012, Busan Museum of Art South Korea, Artforum 12/2012, S. 267/268
Rankin, David, “The Language of Less (Then and Now)”(catalogue),, Artistic Atheism, MOCA, Chicago, pp 14-15, p.16, p. 49
2011 Gantt, Richard,  “70 Years of Collecting” (catalogue), Weatherspoon Art Museum, Greensboro, p.108
Wind, Diana, “All about Drawing: 100 Dutch Artists”(catalogue), Stedelijk Museum, Schiedam pp 44-45, pp. 287-288
2010 Verena Straub, “Jo Baer – Galerie Barbara Thumm”, Art-in-Berlin, Online Magazine, Juli 15.
Christiane Meixner, “Für immer Kind”, Der Tagesspiegel, p. 25. Mai 25
Ulrike Münter, “Was hat Abstraktion mit mir zu tun?”. Berliner Zeitung, p. 21. Mai 11
Anka Botzoman, “Interview: Jo Baer”, EXBERLINER, 11. Mai
Petra Reichensperger, “Jo Baer”, Zitty, Nr.11, 2010, p. 104
Hafner, Hans-Jürgen, “Sittengemälde mit Brüstchen und Möpschen”, Arnet, Mai 4
Lorch, Catrin, “Bilder wie Honig”, Süddeutsche Zeitung, April 30
Lisa Zeitz, “Sie will nicht immer Minimal Art”, FAZ, April 30
Fox, Dan, “Jo Baer & John Wesley”, Frieze, Issue 134, London Oct.
Butler, Lauren, Jo Baer 07 03 10 Book review 500 Words, http://www.artforum.com/words/id=25921
Verlaek, Jolien, “Jo Baer Broadsides and Belles Lettres”, Metropolis M 22 Dec, http://www.metropolism.com/boeken/jo-baer-broadsides-belles-lettre/ Samstag Nachmittag, Kreuzberg
Samstag Nachmittag, Spittelmarkt, Art, das kunst magazine
2009 Kelly, Patricia, “Jo Baer, Modernism, and Painting on the Edge”, Art Journal 68 (Fall 2009) 3, pp 52-67
Paijmans, Theo (ed.), “Times 3: triotentoonstelling = trio exhibition: Jo Baer, Lynda Benglis, Jutta Koether”, special edition of Blend, in cooperation with the Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven
Smith, Roberta, “MoMA Pushes the Envelope in the Works on Paper”, The New York Times, April 24
2008 Doujak, Ines (ed.), Jo Baer, Vienna, Secession
Meyer-Stoll, Christiane, A Document of the Times. Rolf Ricke Collection, Kunstmuseum St. Gallen/Ost대ldern, Hatje Cantz
Bartholomew, Joe, “Jo Baer’s “Mach Bands”, http://joebartholomew.blogspot.com/2008/06/jo-baers-mach-bands.html
2007 Cotter, Holland. “Jo Baer”. The New York Times, May 5
Diehl, Carol. “Go Baer at Alexander Gray”. Art in America, October
Moyer, Carrie‚ “Jo Baer, Alexander Gray Associates”, The Brooklyn Rail, May
Fine, Ruth, “The Dorothy and Herbert Vogel Collection. Fifty Works for Fifty States”, Washington DC, National Endowment for the Arts, p 20
2005 Baron, Reuben M, “Black Bands versus Wraparounds, Jo Baer: The Minimalist Years, 1960-1975”, http://www.artcritical.com/thinkRBBaer.htm
Carson, Juli, “Review: A Minimal Future?”, CAA Reviews, p.2
2004 Drohojowska-Philip, Hunter, “A Minimal Future? Art as Object”, Art News, NYC, June, p.119
Godfrey, Mark, “Dimensions variable”, Frieze, London, Ju, Jul, Aug, p. 120
Harvey, Doug, “Next to Nothing”, LA Weekly, LA, Apr p. 16-22
Knight, Christopher, “Max Minimal”, LA Times, March 16, E8
Leaflet Amphora Frieze, Rutgers Centre for innovative print and paper, New Brunswick
2003 Diehl, Carol, “White, Hot & Cool”, Art in America, NYC, May, pp. 100- 103
Feldman, Paula, “Jo Baer: The Minimalist Years”, Contemporary, #47/48, London, pp.123-124
Long, Jim, “Jo Baer: The Minimalist Yearts”, The Brooklyn Rail, NYC, Winter
Stein, Judith E. “The Adventures of Jo Baer”, Art in America, NYC, May, pp. 104-111, p. 157
Smith, Roberta. “Jo Baer: The Minimalist Years, 1960–75”, The New York Times, February 7, 2003
Rich, Sarah K. “Jo Baer”, Artforum, NYC, February, pp. 133-134
2002 A[tirnomis], “Geometry Class”, New York Magazine, NYC, Sept.9
Bona, Damien, “Inside Oscar 2”, Digital, February, p.216.
2001 Beek, Willem van, “Jo Baer”, Kunstbeeld, Rotterdam, Sept, #9, p. 24
Frank, Peter, “Jo Baer: Art Picks of the Week”, LA Weekly, Los Angeles, Sept 28-Oct 4
Keijer, Kees, “Baers intellectuele rebussen,” Het Parool, Amsterdam, Oct 20
2000 Pontzen, Rutger, “De laatste abstracte schilder”, Vrij Nederland, Amsterdam, Feb 19
1999 Lambrecht, Luk, “Stedelijk toont de bekering van Jo Baer”, De Morgen, Brussels, Feb3, p.13
Schumacher, Rogier, “Een kordate streep onder het verleden”, Het Parool, Amsterdam, Jan 18
Smallenburg, Sandra, “Onheilspellende beelden”, NRC Handelsblaad, Amsterdam, Jan 23
Stiemer, Flora, “Vechten voor betekenis”, Algemeen Dagblad, Rotterdam, Jan 12
Van de Velde, Paola, “Goede kunst ‘verbonden met echte wereld,”, De Telegraaf, Amsterdam, Jan 8
1998 Bloem, Marja, “Jo Baer, schilderijen/paintings”, Bulletin Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Winter, p.10,11
Pereé, Rob, “De Ommekeer van Jo Baer”, Kunstbeeld, Amsterdam. Dec, p.16-18
Tegenbosch, Pietje, “Het Magische Tapijt”, Vitrine, Amsterdam. Dec, p.20-25
1996 Wei, Lilly, “Jo Baer at Paula Cooper”, Art in America, NYC, May, p. 104
Levin, Kim, “Jo Baer”, Village Voice, NYC, Jan 2, p.9
Meyer, James, “Jo Baer”, Art Forum, NYC, April, p. 98
Yablonsky, Linda, “Jo Baer Paintings from the‚ 60s and Early‚ 70s”, TimeOut, New York, Issue No.15, Jan
Smith, Roberta, „Philip Johnson and the Modern: A Loving Marriage”, NYTimes, June 7, p.C25
1995 A[tirnomis]. “Abstraction, pure and impure”, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NYC, Oct-May
Boursma, Linda, “Jo Baer”, Bomb, NYC, Fall. No.53, p.58-63
Halpert, Peter Hay, “New York, Jo Baer: Paintings from the Sixties”, The Art Newspaper, No.54, NYC, Dec, p.39
Karmel, Pepe. “Women Inside and Outside the Grid” The New York Times, NYC. Fri, Dec.15, p. C37
1994 Seidel, Miriam. “Jo Baer at Moore College of Art”, Art in America, January, NYC
1993 Esman, Abigail R, “Jo Baer: Palimpsests”, Forum International, Bruxelles, no 19 Oct-Nov, p.134
Pieters, Din, “Gaat gij naar de vrouwen? Vergeet niet de zweep!”, NRC Handelsblat. Jul 5, Amsterdam
Sozanski, Edward, “Mythic works that span centuries and civilizations”, Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, Mar 19
1990 Rice, Robin, “A Horse, of Course”, City Paper, Mar 19, Philadelphia
Hixon, Catheryne. “Jo Baer”, Arts Magazine, NYC, January, p. 104- 106
Hettig, Frank Alexander. “Jo Baer”, Kunst Forum, Aug-Oct, p.399
Houts van, Catherine. “Niewe harmonie in oude vormen (New harmony in old forms)”, Het Parool, Amsterdam. June 15, p.6
Kruijning, Aad. “Jo Baer construeert met panters en biggen (Jo Baer constructs with panthers and piglets)”, De Telegraaf, Amsterdam, June 20, p.17
Steenbergen, Renée, “Jo Baer”, NRC Handelsblad, June 15, Amsterdam, p.5.
Brenson, Michael, “New Curator at Modern Challenges Convention”, NY Times, NY. Dec.28, p.C26
1989 Mc Cracken, David, “Baer pits paint against painting as object”, Chicago Tribune, November 10
1988 Thompson, Walter, “Jo Baer at Art Galaxy”, Art in America, p. 180
1987 Krane, Susan, “Albright-Knox” Art Gallery.
McEvilley, Thomas, “Jo Baer”, Art Forum, NY, May, p.141.
1983 Armstrong, Richard, “Forum”, Art Forum, NY, p.67.
Smith, Roberta, “Reductivism Redux”, Village Voice, NY. Feb 22, p.89
1982 Januszczak, Waldemar, “Riding on Two Pairs of Hands”, The Guardian, London, Apr 14.
Wandja, Jan, “Tail to the Wall”, ZG, #7-`Desire‘, London
1980 Silverhorn, Jean, “Jo Baer and Bruce Robbins”, Artforum, June
Byrne, P.F, “Two Artists Cooperative”, Evening Herald, Dublin, Jul 27
Glueck, Grace, “Jo Baer and Bruce Robbins”, New York Times, Mar 21
MacAvoe, Desmond. “Jo Baer and Bruce Robbins at Dowling”, Irish Times, Dublin, Aug 1
Miller, Sandra. “Jo Baer: Galerie Lisson”, Art Press, Paris, Oct
Silverhorn, Jean. “Jo Baer and Bruce Robbins”, Art Forum, NY. Jun
Stoffels, Christian. “Frei schwebende Kleider”, Kölner-Stadt-Anzeiger. Jun 20
Vaizey, Marina. “Jo Baer: Lisson Gallery”, The Sunday Times, London, Jun 22
1979 Baker, Kenneth, “Less is Less”, The Boston Phoenix, Boston. Mar 27
Pacheco, Richard, “Boston Institute Gives Showcase to Minimalism”, Standard Times, Boston, Apr 15
Kologe, Brian R, “Frame an Empty Space and Call It Art”, Christian Science Monitor, Boston, Apr 6
Joselit, David, “For Minimalists the Art Is the Object”, Boston Ledger, Boston, Mar 23-30
Raynor, Vivien, “At Ridgefield, a Definition of Minimalism”, New York Times, NY. May 13
1978 Gage, Edward, “A Brush with Gestalt Theory”, Scotsman, Edinburgh, Jan 30
Groot, 2 Paul, “Jo Baer… magje in de schilderkunst”, Museum Review, Apr 25
1977 Domingo, Willis, “Jo Baer at MOMA, Oxford”, Art Monthly, London. Nov, p.15-16
1976 Tagg, John, “Jo Baer: Lisson Gallery”, Studio International. London. Mar- Apr, p.208
1975 Kuspit, Donald, “Jo Baer: Intimations of Variety”, Art in America, Nov-Dec, p. 76-77
Russell, John, “Paintings by Jo Baer at Whitney Museum”, The New York Times, June 21, p. 23
Smith, Roberta, “Jo Baer: Whitney Museum of American Art”, Artforum, September, p. 73-77
Rose, Barbara, “Vogue Upfront”, Vogue, NY, Jun. p.50.
Loring, John. “Jo Baer.“ Arts Magazine, NY. Apr, p.70
Hess, Thomas B., “They Don‘t Pusseyfoot”, New York Magazine, NY. Jun 2, p.65
1974 Guilbaut, Serge and Sgan-Cohen, Michael, “Jo Baer: peintre traditional et radical”, Art Press, Paris. May, p16-18
1973 Canavier, Elena Karina, “Baer‘s Painterly Elegance”, Art Week, Oakland, Apr 28, p.5
Kerber, Bernhard, “Szene Rhein-Ruhr”, Art International, Lugano. May, p.55
1972 Schjeldahl, Peter. “Jo Baer: Playing on the Senses”, The New York Times, May 14, Section II, p. 23
Ratcliff, Carter, “Once More, with Feeling”, ARTnews, NYC, (Summer), p. 34-37, 67-69
Ratcliff, Carter, “Jo Baer: Notes on 5 Recent Paintings.” Artforum, NYC, May, p. 28-32
Matthias, Rosemary. “Jo Baer: Lo Guidice”, Arts Magazine (Summer), p. 57-58
Karina, Elena, “Baer’s Painterly Elegance”, Art Week, April
Lippard, Lucy, “Color at the Edge”, ARTnews, May, p. 24-25, 64-66
Hunter, Sam, “American Art of the 20th Century”, NY, Harry Abrams Inc.
1971 Baker, Elizabeth C., “Sexual Art-Politics”, ARTnews, January, vol. 69, p. 60-62
Mellow, James R., “Today’s Series Line-Up: Barber and Baer…”, The New York Times, April 11, p. 27
Linville, Kasha, Art Forum. May, p.77-78
Lippard, Lucy R., “Diversity in Unity: Recent Geometricizing Styles in America”, Abstract Art Since 1945. Art Since Mid-Century: The New Internationalism, vol. 1, Greenwich, Conn: New York Graphic Society
1970 Kline, Katherine, “Jo Baer at Goldowsky”, Arts Magazine, February, p.10
Kline, Katherine. “Review: Jo Baer”, ARTnews, February
A[tirnomis].“Jo Baer at Goldowsky”, Arts Magazine, NY. Feb. p 57
Pfeiffer, Günter, “Es leuchet Gold”, Kölner-Stadt-Anzeiger, Nov 20
Ratcliff, Carter, “New York”, Art International, Lugano, Mar. p.70
Wasserman, Emily, “Jo Baer: Goldowsky Gallery”, Art Forum, Mar. p.77
1969 Insley, Will “Jo Baer”, Art International, February, vol. 13, p. 26-28
Pincus-Witten, Robert. Art Forum, Feb
1968 Lascault, Gilbert, “Contemporary Art and the old mole”, Art and Confrontation, NY Graphic Society Library, Greenwich, p 64-68
1966 Lippard, Lucy R., “After a Fashion – The Group Show”, Hudson Review, winter, p. 622. Lippard, Lucy R. Art International. Apr, p.73-74 (illus).
Bochner. Mel, “Systemic”, Arts Magazine, November, p. 40
Bochner. Mel, “New York Letter: Off Color”, Art International, April
1965 Ashbery, John, Art News. Feb, p.13.1965 Rose, Barbara, “ABC Art”, Art in America, October-November, p. 64
Selected Texts by Jo Baer
1999 “The Diptych”, Catalogue, Jo Baer, Paintings, 1960-1998, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, p26-27
“I am no longer an Abstract Artist”, Catalogue, reprint from 85. pp.15-19
1997 “The Diptych”, The Pursuit of Painting, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, catalogue, p.52
1996 “Radical Attitudes to the Gallery”, Art Gallery Exhibiting, De Balie, Amsterdam, p.42-43
1993 “Jo Baer: Four Drawings”, (with Bruce Robbins), Catalogue, Amsterdam
1990 “Jo Baer: Red, White and Blue Gelding Falling to its Right (Double-cross Britannicus/Tri-color Hibernicus)”; ‚Tis Ill Pudling in the Cockatrice Den (La-Bas); The Rod Reversed (Mixing Memory and Desire)”, Catalogue, Amsterdam
1983 “Beyond the Pale” (with Bruce Robbins), Real Life Magazine, NY, Summer, p.16-17
“Jo Baer: I am no longer an abstract artist”, Art in America, NY. Oct, p.136- 137
1980 “Radical Attitudes to the Gallery: Statement #2”, Studio International, London
1977 “To and Fro and Back and Forth: A Dialogue With Seamus Coleman”, Art Monthly, London. Mar, p.6-10.
“Radical Attitudes to the Gallery: Statement”, Art-Net, London. Reprinted in “Galerie,“ Paul Andriesse, Amsterdam,‘89, p.39
“On Painting”, Jo Baer Paintings 1962-1975“, Museum of Modern Art Oxford (catalogue)
1972 “Art and Politics” and “On Painting”, Flash Art, Nov. p.6-7
1971 Fluorescent Light Culture,“American Orchid Society Bulletin”, NY, Sept-Oct
1970 “The Artist and Politics: A Symposium”, Art Forum, Sept. p.35-36
“Mach Bands: Art and Vision” and “Xerography & Mach Bands: Instrumental Model”, Aspen Magazine. Fall-Winter
1969 “Letters”, Art Forum, New York. Apr, p.4-5
1968 “Edward Kienholz: A Sentimental Journeyman”, Art International, Lugano. Apr, p.45-49
1967  “Letters”, Art Forum, NY, Sept. p.5-6.1966
“Statements”, Systemic Painting. The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
Public Collections
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, USA
Arts Council of Great Britain, London, United Kingdom
Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD, USA
Chase Manhattan Bank, New York, NY, USA
DaimlerChrysler AG, Berlin, Germany
Fort Worth Museum, Fort Worth, TX, USA
Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, Den Haag, The Netherlands
Kaiser Wilhelm Museum, Krefeld, Germany
Kunstmuseum Winterthur, Winterthur, Switzerland
Ludwig Forum, Aachen, Germany
Levi-Strauss Collection, San Francisco, CA, USA
Michener Collection, University of Texas at Austin, USA
Museum voor Moderne Kunst Arnhem, The Netherlands
Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany
Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL, USA
Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego, CA, USA
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, USA
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA
Neuberger Museum, State University of New York, USA
Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena, USA
Rijksmuseum Kröller–Müller, Otterlo, The Netherlands Saatchi Collection, London, United Kingdom
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, USA
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY, USA
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Tate Gallery, London, United Kingdom
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY, USA
University of North Carolina, Greensboro, NC, USA
Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT, USA